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European Defense, the Arctic and the Future

In this Special Report, Second Line of Defense looks at the evolving defense and security situation in the Arctic and Northern Europe. ...Download PDF Now>>

What's New

USS America Arrives in Peru

09/02/2014  Slideshow:USS America Arrives in Peru ...  

The French in the Arctic Thunder Exercise

09/02/2014  Slideshow:The French in the Arctic Thunder Exercise ...   Read More >>

The RAF Prepares for Its First A400M

09/01/2014  The first A400M will be delivered to the RAF this Fall. ...   Read More >>

Scotland and the Trident: Could Scottish Independence End U.K. Nuclear Deterrent?

09/01/2014  The Scottish people will decide for themselves whether they wish to end the 307 year union that has bound them to the United Kingdom.   Read More >>

Aussie Aid Drop in Iraq

08/31/2014  The Aussies pitch in to provide air drops for humanitarian support and provision of weapons to the Kurds. ...   Read More >>

Scotland, Independence, and the Union: Looking Back and Looking Forward

08/30/2014  With the Scotland Independence Referendum on September 18, the 307 year old political union between Scotland and England is at stake. ...   Read More >>

Danish F-16s Flying Over Greenland

08/29/2014  The Danes are deploying their F-16s in the defense of Greenland and of the Arctic as shown in this video. ...   Read More >>

Building F-35 Hangars

08/29/2014  The F-35 enterprise involves building new hangars as well as building out a new fleet.   Read More >>

Thinking Through the Future of Airpower: Air Marshal Brown Weighs In

08/28/2014  It is about an enhanced capability as well to work with various coalition partners, in the region and beyond. ...   Read More >>

Space, UAVs and Payloads: Shaping a Menu of Choice with the Zephyr

08/28/2014  A good business to be in is the payloads business with an ability to be flexible about where those payloads go, whether upon manned aircraft, unmanned aircraft or space systems.   Read More >>

A400M in Tanker Tests

08/28/2014  The Airbus A400M airlifter has performed successfully air-to-air refueling tests with a F/A-18 Hornet fighter. ...   Read More >>

Indo-US Defence Relations: Hagel Visits India

08/28/2014  Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel visited India on Aug 7-9 2014.   Read More >>

Video of the Month: "Workhorse” Becomes First F-35 to Achieve 1,000 Flight Hours

08/28/2014  AF-2, the second production F-35 Lightning II for the U.S. Air Force, became the first F-35 to reach 1,000 flight hours.   Read More >>

Shaping an Integrated Combat Capability: Leveraging F-35 Commonality

08/28/2014  Lou Kratz looks at the potential impact of shaping a globally integrated F-35 fleet.   Read More >>

An Update on F-35 Testing: Maturing Combat Capabilities (August 2014)

08/26/2014  F-35 testing continues in anticipation of the IOC for the USMC F-35B next year. ...   Read More >>

The USS America Visits Chile

08/26/2014  Slideshow:The USS America Visits Chile ...  

Working Onboard and Off the USS America

08/25/2014  The USMC as the only tiltrotar-enabled assault force in the world, now has a ship well designed to support it.   Read More >>

Germany Exports Arms Plant to Algeria

08/25/2014  Germany's Economy Ministry has approved plans by defense group Rheinmetall to deliver an armored vehicle assembly plant to Algeria.   Read More >>

Lt. General Jouas on Preparing for the Future of South Korean Defense

08/24/2014  In this interview with the CG of the 7th USAF, the role of airpower in the defense of South Korea is the focus of attention. ...   Read More >>

ISIS and Information War: Shaping the Battlespace

08/22/2014  A neglected aspect of the ISIS assault is in the domain of information warfare. ...   Read More >>

In Brief

AWACs Over Afghanistan II

09/02/2014  Video:AWACs Over Afghanistan II ...  

USS America in Chile

09/02/2014  Slideshow:USS America in Chile ...  

AWACs Over Afghanistan

08/31/2014  Video: AWACs Operating Over Afghanistan ...  

USS America in Transit from Chile to the Pacific

08/30/2014  Slideshow:USS America in Transit from Chile to the Pacific ...   Read More >>

The Air Bridge in Iraq

08/28/2014  Slideshow:The Air Bridge in Iraq ...  

Marine Harrier Mechanics

08/28/2014  This video focuses on the challenges of Harrier maintenance. ...   Read More >>

USCG Escorts Blue Marlin on Columbia River

08/26/2014  Video:USCG Escorts Blue Marlin on Columbia River ...   Read More >>

Blue Marlin Transits Columbia River

08/26/2014  Slideshow:USCG Escorts Blue Marlin ...  

The Many Faces of the USS America: Shaping a Crew at Sea (2)

08/25/2014  Slideshow:The Many Faces of the USS America: Shaping a Crew at Sea (2) ...   Read More >>

KC-130s Refueling Over the Mediterranean

08/24/2014  Video:KC-130s Refueling Over the Mediterranean ...  

24th MEU, French Fourragere ceremony

08/20/2014  Video:24th MEU, French Fourragere ceremony ...  

X-47B Flight Operations

08/19/2014  Video:X-47B Flight Operations ...  

Royal Canadian Navy Conducts Mooring Maneuver in the Mediterranean

08/17/2014  Video:Royal Canadian Navy Conducts Mooring Maneuver in the Mediterranean ...   Read More >>

Additional Video on USS George H.W. Bush Airstrikes Against ISIS

08/16/2014  Video:Additional Video on USS George H.W. Bush Airstrikes Against ISIS ...   Read More >>

The USS America visits the Americas: Stopping by Uruguay

08/16/2014  Slideshow:The USS America visits the Americas.  

Sea Knight Parachute Training

08/15/2014  The Marines practice parachuting from the Sea Knight helicopter. ...   Read More >>

Super Hornet Cockpit Video

08/15/2014  Video:Super Hornet Cockpit Video ...  

Preparing the Strike: Arming the Weapons Aboard the Aircraft Carrier

08/14/2014  Video:Preparing the Strike: Arming the Weapons Aboard the Aircraft Carrier ...   Read More >>

Marine Corps Prepositioning Program Modernization in Norway

08/14/2014  Slideshow:Marine Corps Prepositioning Program Modernization in Norway ...   Read More >>

Osprey Sighted in Kurdistan?

08/13/2014  2014-08-13 According to a tweet by a Dutch reporter, an Osprey has been spotted in Kurdistan. ...   Read More >>

UUV Training with Royal Jordanian Navy

08/10/2014  At Exercise Eager Lion USN and Jordanian sailors work with UUVs.   Read More >>

USN Ops In the Arabian Gulf

08/09/2014  Slideshow:USN Ops In Support of Iraq Operations.   Read More >>

French Paratrooper Talks About Training with 82nd Airborne

08/07/2014  While the Normandy invasion is being celebrated, 21st century paras practice in France for 21st century operations.   Read More >>

USCG and Partners Work a Mass Casualty Exercise

08/05/2014  In this video, the USCG is seen training with partners in the Caribbean. ...   Read More >>

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First 1,000 Hour Flight F-35

08/23/2014 –  AF-2 achieved 1,000 flight hours on June 18, 2014. ...Read More>>


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Special Partners

Shows / Events


The largest international exhibition for land defense and security will be held in Paris from 16-20 June 2014.

Eurosatory 2014<<


A leading security exposition, Milpol, will be held in Paris November 19-22 2013.

Milpol 2013<<


The Air Force Association’s Pacific Air & Space Symposium will be held November 21 – 22, 2013 in Los Angeles, CA.

Pacific Air and Space Symposium <<

Defense & Security Publications

Distributed Laydown

Distributed Laydown: Shaping the U.S. Marine Corps’s Future in the Pacific

In this e-book, the article on the USMC in the Pacific published by Leatherneck Magazine in August 2014 is now available as an E-Book. The article is based on interviews conducted in the Pacific in the Spring of 2014

Read the E-Book<<


Extending the Reach of Airpower

In this article from Front Line Defence (August 2014), an update on the A330MRTT global fleet is provided.

Read the Article<<


Captain Hall

The USS America and Innovation

In this article from Front Line Defence (August 2014), a look at the clusters of innovations associated with the USS America is provided.

Read the Article<<


Filling the Gap: SPMAGTF-CR

In this piece, written by Murielle Delaporte, and first published in Leatherneck Magazine in April 2014, the role of Special Purpose MAGTFs is discussed.

Delaporte visited the SP-MAGTF in Spain and talked with the Marines just prior to their mission to South Sudan.

Read the Flipbook<<


Aussie Report

Australian Defense Modernization: An E-Book

In this e-book, our recent Special Report on Australian Defense Modernization can be viewed.

The report is based on exclusive interviews with the Australian defense forces.

Read the E-Book<<


European Defense Special Report Cover

European Defense, the Arctic and the Future

In this e-book, our recent Special Report highlighting Danish perspectives on the Northern European security situation is now available as an E-Book. The report is based on exclusive interviews with Danish experts conducted in Copenhagen in May 2014.

Read the E-Book<<

C-17 and KC-30A at their operational base in Australia. Credit Photo: SLD

Australia Shapes Its Airpower Approach

In this piece, first published in Front Line Defence (Canada), in April 2014, the focus is upon Australian airpower modernization.

Moving from the C-17, to the KC-30A, to the Wedgetail and then the F-35, Australia is modernizing its airpower.

Download the Report here<<

Arctic Grid

Building the Arctic Grid

This article looks at the challenge of building out an Arctic Grid in Canada and the possible contribution of the F-35 to the effort.

Download the PDF >>


The Key Role of Exercises and Training Ranges

In this flipbook, a recent article in Front Line Defence looks at the key role of exercises and training in shaping 21st century defense capabilities.

Read the Flip Book<<



Forging a 21st Century Military Strategy: Leveraging Challenges

This article published in Joint Force Quarterly in January 2014 provides a look at key challenges which will drive the shaping of a 21st century military strategy.

Read the Flipbook<<

The core image, which the General put on the table of where the transition needs  to go, is the ability to shape a combat cloud as a key element of the  battlespace within which the various deployed aircraft interact together to  shape air dominance to achieve joint force objectives. With a fifth generation enabled combat capability, one could put the pieces in place to deliver the operational situational awareness critical to joint forces, but this would be difficult if one does not have the fifth generation aircraft in the numbers required. Credit Images: Bigstock

The Next Phase of Air Power: Crafting and Enabling the Aerospace Combat Cloud

The digital enablement of key combat platforms is providing a forcing function role upon the next phase of the evolution of joint and coalition systems.

The emergence and evolution of what might be called the aerospace or air combat cloud is a key dynamic of change.

Download the Report here<<

The Italian facility can both final assemble and provide a basis for opening a maintenance facility or hub for the F-35. It is sized and equipped to achieve a full rate of 24 aircraft /year within 3 years (2016) to accommodate ITALY + NETHERLANDS deliveries. Credit Photo: Lockheed Martin

In this special report, we look at the Italian engagement with the F-35 and the thinking of Italian airpower leaders about the impact of the F-35 on the future.

The report is based on a Fall 2013 visit to Italy, the facilities and interviews with senior Italian officials.


OD in Cockpit

In this paper by Michael Skaff, the principal engineer of the F-35 pilot interface, and a pilot and then engineer involved with the F-16, the author focuses on the emergence of advanced sensor fusion in 5th generation aircraft and its impact.

The Impact of Advanced Sensor Fusion in 5th Generation Fighters on Combat Capability


Leatherneck Magazine Article on VMX-22.

In this article on the VMX-22 and its contribution to the MAGTF, Robbin Laird and Ed Timperlake highlight the evolution of USMC capabilities.

The article appeared in the October 2013, Leatherneck magazine.


Procurement Challenges

Procurement Strategy for 21st Century Challenges

Note to Self: Do Not Buy Yesterday’s Systems for Yesterday’s Challenges.”

Download the PDF >> 


USAF Perspective on F-35 Combat Systems

 Download the PDF >> 

Italian Version

Cameri, Italy and the F-35

Italy and the F-35 Special Report is now available in Italian for our Italian readers.

Interviews with senior airpower leaders in Italy as well as analyses of the new Cameri facility supporting a regional F-35 fleet are featured in the report.

Download the Report here<<

Aftermath of the February 3 cable car accident. Credit Photo: La Stampa, 7/13/11

The Challenge of Dealing with PTSD

Captain Joe Schweitzer was a member of the crew that was responsible for the accidental deaths of 20 Europeans in a tragic cable car accident.

In this piece by Captain Schweitzer, he recounts his struggles to remake his life in the wake of the tragedy and provides a powerful narrative on PTSD.

Download Article Here<<


First published in 2010, this book examines a number of key aspects of the impact of fifth generation aircraft on the evolution of airpower.

It includes, a number of key interviews with airpower leaders like General Corley, Secretary Wynne, Lt. General (retired) Trautman, former Deputy Commandant of USMC Aviation, and Lt. General (Retired) Deptula and now Dean of the Mitchell Airpower Institute.

Read the Flipbook<<


Deptula Last Flight

The Robotic Revolution: Building Blocks From Afghanistan

Lt. General (Retired) Deptula lays out how RPAs can be part of the Afghan Airpower Transiiton

Download the PDF >> 

F-35 Radar.

In a recent article published by the Joint Aircraft Survivability Program, the role of the F-35 radar is examined from the experience to date in combat exercises such as Northern Edge.

The F-35 Radar has already demonstrated a significant improvement in performance against enemy jammers and operating against advanced threats.


Azerbaijan Regional Role

In this report written by Dr. Richard Weitz, the key role which Azerbaijan plays in straddling Russia and Iran is the focus of attention.

Azerbaijan’s Regional Role

B-17 Returns to France

The B-17 lessons learned for 21st century airpower is the focus of this article.

Download the PDF >>

3 D Warriors 2nd Edition

We have a new edition of Three Dimensional Warriors.

The book can be purchased on Kindle and other e-book publishers as well.






The first SIP report dealt with the dynamics of change in China and the potential impact of a nuclear Iran.



The second SIP report dealt with the Euro crisis and its impact on global dynamics and relations.


Maritime Security

In this book published by Second Line of Defense in 2011, the challenges of maritime security are addressed and analyzed.

The book is presented in flipbook format with the attached link.


Air Mobiity

In this book published by Second Line of Defense in 2013, the key role of air mobility as a mission enabler is addressed in terms of the impact of helos, lifters and tankers on security and defense operations.

The book is presented in flipbook format below.


FAF Libya

In this edition of AIR ACTUALITIES, the French Air Force provides a look at their role in the Libyan operation in early 2011.

 Download the PDF version of the Special Edition>>


In a 2012t piece published by Jane’s Navy International, Robbin Laird and Ed Timperlake look at the evolution of U.S. maritime strategy in the Pacific.   The article presages some of the arguments in our 2013 book with Richard Weitz entitled Rebuilding American Military Power in the Pacific: A 21st Century Strategy (Praeger). Posted with permission of Jane’s.

Download the PDF version of the Report>>

Weapons Enterprise

The synergy among 5th generation aircraft, weapons and robotics will create a new weapons enterprise.

Legacy weapons are simply that.

This report identifies key aspects of the 21st century weapons enterprise.

Download the PDF version of the Report>>



In the July 2012 issue of Joint Force’s Quarterly (the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff journal), SLD’s Robbin Laird and Ed Timperlake provided an overview of the impact of the F-35 on the future of power projection.

The F-35 is called a joint strike fighter (JSF), and its ability to work with, leverage, and enhance the capability of power projection forces is at the heart of the next 20 years of rebuilding U.S. and allied forces.

Download the PDF version of the full publication here>>

3 D Warrior

First introduced at the Farnborough Air Show in 2008, Three Dimensional Warriors provides an overview of how aviation for the United States Marine Corps (USMC) shapes their entire capabilities and directs how they operate.

The Second Edition can now be read on Kindle.

To read this Second Line of Defense book as a Flipbook click on the link below:


"If everyone is thinking alike, someone isn’t thinking."

—General George Patton Jr.

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