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European Defense, the Arctic and the Future

In this Special Report, Second Line of Defense looks at the evolving defense and security situation in the Arctic and Northern Europe. ...Download PDF Now>>

What's New

Looking Back and Looking Forward for the Future of Airpower: A Discussion with Chuck DeBellevue About the Air War in Vietnam

10/23/2014  One of the things that Sims can not do is to reach you the challenge of facing death. ...   Read More >>

Meeting the Pacific Threats: Japan and the US Rework Their Defense Relationship

10/23/2014  To address grey area issues the new guidelines will allow the U.S. and Japanese militaries to respond rapidly. ...   Read More >>

A Step Forward in German Defense: The Coming of the A400M

10/22/2014  For Germany the A400M is a step forward in crafting the kind of 21st century military capabilities Germany needs. ...   Read More >>

21st Century Conflicts: The Role of Insertion Forces

10/20/2014  The U.S. and core allieshas and is further developing insertion forces able to engage and withdraw to help shape political outcomes. ...   Read More >>

Sending the US Military Against the Ebola Contagion: A Cautionary Note

10/18/2014  Does the rush to deal with the Ebola contagion follow the paths of Agent Orange and the effects of chemical weapons in Iraq on US troops? ...   Read More >>

Luke F-35 Training Center Officially Opens

10/16/2014  Luke AFB in Arizona is a key facility for standing up both US and coalition F-35 forces.   Read More >>

The Arming of Africa in 2013: Key Suppliers

10/15/2014  Western and Eastern Europe, China and Russia were major arms suppliers to Africa in 2013.   Read More >>

Taking a Look at the German Defense Budget: Facing Up to the Challenges

10/15/2014  Chronic German under spending on defense has had a clear impact on force readiness and capabilities. ...   Read More >>

The 2014 Miramar Air Show: The End of the CH-46 Era and the Beginning of the F-35B Transformation

10/15/2014  The 2014 Miramar Air Show saw both the CH-46 and F-35B fly. ...   Read More >>

Defense of the Expeditionary Airfield: A Core USMC Competence

10/13/2014  The Marines Train to Defend an Expeditionary Airfield. This is a core competence of the USMC.   Read More >>

President Obama and His Historic Opportunity in Iraq

10/13/2014  Rather than shaping new policies for such globalization bromides as the global commons, we are fighting to preserve our values and our way ...   Read More >>

The Commissioning of the USS America, October 11, 2014

10/13/2014  Slideshow:The Commissioning of the USS America, October 11, 2014 ...   Read More >>

New Secretary General of NATO on Tours of Front Line States

10/12/2014  The new Sec Gen should be applauded for showing up at the front line of NATO to reinforce solidarity.  ...   Read More >>

In Iraq: Back to the Tribes

10/10/2014  There is no other way to keep the country together and give people a sense of security is to make each community responsible ...   Read More >>

A Look at the Eurozone After the Vote on Scottish Independence: More Fissures on the Way?

10/10/2014  Harald Malmgren looks at the next phase of Euro Zone evolution.  ...   Read More >>

What Do the Australian KC-30A and Rafale Have in Common? The Operation Against ISIL

10/10/2014  Australian KC-30As have been integral to the self-deployment of the RAAF to Iraq but also in support of coalition aircraft. ...   Read More >>

EU Looks at Options to Deal with Ebola Crisis

10/10/2014  The EU considers the military as part of the response to the Ebola crisis.   Read More >>

The USS America: Redefining Amphibious Assault

10/08/2014  The USS America is a key part of the evolving amphibious strike task force.   Read More >>

Analyzing Peace Mission 2014: China and Russia Exercise with the Central Asian States

10/08/2014  China and Russia exercise with Central Asian states against terrorist targets.   Read More >>

An Update on The Brazilian Presidential Election: Brazil Shapes Its Way Forward in the World

10/07/2014  Kenneth Maxwell provides an overview on the Brazilian Presidential elections as the country prepares for the second round, ...   Read More >>

Conducting an Information War against Islamic Extremists

09/27/2014  Ed Timperlake looks at the evolving need to prioritize an information war against the ISIL.   Read More >>

In Brief

MAG-16 Conducts Long-range Raid During LSE-14

10/20/2014  Video:MAG-16 Conducts Long-range Raid During LSE-14 ...   Read More >>

USS Iwo Jima Replenishment at Sea

10/18/2014  Slideshow:USS Iwo Jima Replenishment at Sea ...   Read More >>

Western Pacific Deployment 2014

10/15/2014  Slideshow:Western Pacific Deployment 2014 ...  

24th MEU Aviation Ops: Preparing for Deployment

10/15/2014  Slideshow:24th MEU Aviation Ops: Preparing for Deployment ...   Read More >>

Platform Baker Fire Response in Alaska Overflight Footage

10/14/2014  Video:Platform Baker Overflight Footage ...  

The End of an Era: Last CH-46 Squadron Redesignates

10/13/2014  Video:Last CH-46 Squadron Redesignates ...  

Marines, Sailors Man Rails of USS America

10/13/2014  Video:Marines, Sailors Man Rails of USS America ...   Read More >>

USS America Commissioning

10/13/2014  Video:USS America Commissioning ...  

11th MEU Long Range Insert

10/12/2014  Slideshow:11th MEU Long Range Insert ...  

US and Japanese Amphibious Assault Training in RIMPAC 2014

10/06/2014  Video:US and Japanese Amphibious Assault Training in RIMPAC 2014 ...   Read More >>

Contingency Response Group Participates in PATRIOT 2014 Exercise

10/04/2014  Video:Contingency Response Group Participates in PATRIOT 2014 Exercise ...   Read More >>

B-1B Being Refueled for Syrian Operations

10/01/2014  Video:B-1B Being Refueled for Syrian Operations ...   Read More >>

Marines Unmanned Vehicle-Ground Unmanned Support Surrogate (GUSS)

10/01/2014  Video:Marines Unmanned Vehicle-Ground Unmanned Support Surrogate (GUSS) ...   Read More >>

Medical Personnel Use Tele-medicine to Reach Patients

09/30/2014  Video:Medical Personnel use Tele-medicine to reach patients ...   Read More >>

The Extended Reach of Airpower In Syria

09/28/2014  Video:KC-135s Refueling USN Aircraft for Strikes against the ISIL.   Read More >>

Small Unit Water Purification for Expeditionary Operations

09/26/2014  Video:Small Unit Water Purification for Expeditionary Operations ...   Read More >>

The Fleet Launches Tomahawk Missiles as Part of Iraqi-Syrian Mission

09/25/2014  Slideshow:The Fleet Launches Tomahawk Missiles as Part of Iraqi-Syrian Mission ...   Read More >>

Naval Forces Exercise Land Attack Role in Valiant Shield 2014

09/25/2014  Slideshow:Naval Forces Exercise Land Attack Role in Valiant Shield 2014 ...   Read More >>

Coast Guard Icebreaker Rescues Man Aboard Sailboat Trapped in Arctic Ice

09/23/2014  Video:Coast Guard Icebreaker Rescues Man Aboard Sailboat Trapped in Arctic Ice ...   Read More >>

Valiant Shield 2014 SINKEX

09/23/2014  Video:Valiant Shield 2014 SINKEX ...  

USMC Practices Long Range Raid in Valiant Shield 2014

09/22/2014  Video:USMC Practices Long Range Raid in Valiant Shield 2014 ...   Read More >>

Valiant Shield: Testing the Ability of the Fleet to Engage Airborne Threats

09/21/2014  Slideshow:Valiant Shield: Testing the Ability of the Fleet to Engage Airborne Threats ...   Read More >>

Exercise Jackal Stone 2014

09/20/2014  Video:Exercise Jackal Stone 2014 ...  

Shaping a Distributed C2 System

09/20/2014  Video:Shaping a Distributed C2 System ...  

Valiant Shield 2014 Missile Exercise

09/19/2014  Video:Valiant Shield 2014 Missile Exercise ...  

Medicine and War: Part Three

09/18/2014  Video:Medicine and War: Part Three ...  

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First 1,000 Hour Flight F-35

08/23/2014 –  AF-2 achieved 1,000 flight hours on June 18, 2014. ...Read More>>


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Special Partners

Shows / Events


The largest international exhibition for land defense and security will be held in Paris from 16-20 June 2014.

Eurosatory 2014<<


A leading security exposition, Milpol, will be held in Paris November 19-22 2013.

Milpol 2013<<


The Air Force Association’s Pacific Air & Space Symposium will be held November 21 – 22, 2013 in Los Angeles, CA.

Pacific Air and Space Symposium <<

Defense & Security Publications

Distributed Laydown

Distributed Laydown: Shaping the U.S. Marine Corps’s Future in the Pacific

In this e-book, the article on the USMC in the Pacific published by Leatherneck Magazine in August 2014 is now available as an E-Book. The article is based on interviews conducted in the Pacific in the Spring of 2014

Read the E-Book<<


Extending the Reach of Airpower

In this article from Front Line Defence (August 2014), an update on the A330MRTT global fleet is provided.

Read the Article<<


Captain Hall

The USS America and Innovation

In this article from Front Line Defence (August 2014), a look at the clusters of innovations associated with the USS America is provided.

Read the Article<<


Filling the Gap: SPMAGTF-CR

In this piece, written by Murielle Delaporte, and first published in Leatherneck Magazine in April 2014, the role of Special Purpose MAGTFs is discussed.

Delaporte visited the SP-MAGTF in Spain and talked with the Marines just prior to their mission to South Sudan.

Read the Flipbook<<


Aussie Report

Australian Defense Modernization: An E-Book

In this e-book, our recent Special Report on Australian Defense Modernization can be viewed.

The report is based on exclusive interviews with the Australian defense forces.

Read the E-Book<<


European Defense Special Report Cover

European Defense, the Arctic and the Future

In this e-book, our recent Special Report highlighting Danish perspectives on the Northern European security situation is now available as an E-Book. The report is based on exclusive interviews with Danish experts conducted in Copenhagen in May 2014.

Read the E-Book<<

C-17 and KC-30A at their operational base in Australia. Credit Photo: SLD

Australia Shapes Its Airpower Approach

In this piece, first published in Front Line Defence (Canada), in April 2014, the focus is upon Australian airpower modernization.

Moving from the C-17, to the KC-30A, to the Wedgetail and then the F-35, Australia is modernizing its airpower.

Download the Report here<<

Arctic Grid

Building the Arctic Grid

This article looks at the challenge of building out an Arctic Grid in Canada and the possible contribution of the F-35 to the effort.

Download the PDF >>


The Key Role of Exercises and Training Ranges

In this flipbook, a recent article in Front Line Defence looks at the key role of exercises and training in shaping 21st century defense capabilities.

Read the Flip Book<<



Forging a 21st Century Military Strategy: Leveraging Challenges

This article published in Joint Force Quarterly in January 2014 provides a look at key challenges which will drive the shaping of a 21st century military strategy.

Read the Flipbook<<

The core image, which the General put on the table of where the transition needs  to go, is the ability to shape a combat cloud as a key element of the  battlespace within which the various deployed aircraft interact together to  shape air dominance to achieve joint force objectives. With a fifth generation enabled combat capability, one could put the pieces in place to deliver the operational situational awareness critical to joint forces, but this would be difficult if one does not have the fifth generation aircraft in the numbers required. Credit Images: Bigstock

The Next Phase of Air Power: Crafting and Enabling the Aerospace Combat Cloud

The digital enablement of key combat platforms is providing a forcing function role upon the next phase of the evolution of joint and coalition systems.

The emergence and evolution of what might be called the aerospace or air combat cloud is a key dynamic of change.

Download the Report here<<

The Italian facility can both final assemble and provide a basis for opening a maintenance facility or hub for the F-35. It is sized and equipped to achieve a full rate of 24 aircraft /year within 3 years (2016) to accommodate ITALY + NETHERLANDS deliveries. Credit Photo: Lockheed Martin

In this special report, we look at the Italian engagement with the F-35 and the thinking of Italian airpower leaders about the impact of the F-35 on the future.

The report is based on a Fall 2013 visit to Italy, the facilities and interviews with senior Italian officials.


OD in Cockpit

In this paper by Michael Skaff, the principal engineer of the F-35 pilot interface, and a pilot and then engineer involved with the F-16, the author focuses on the emergence of advanced sensor fusion in 5th generation aircraft and its impact.

The Impact of Advanced Sensor Fusion in 5th Generation Fighters on Combat Capability


Leatherneck Magazine Article on VMX-22.

In this article on the VMX-22 and its contribution to the MAGTF, Robbin Laird and Ed Timperlake highlight the evolution of USMC capabilities.

The article appeared in the October 2013, Leatherneck magazine.


Procurement Challenges

Procurement Strategy for 21st Century Challenges

Note to Self: Do Not Buy Yesterday’s Systems for Yesterday’s Challenges.”

Download the PDF >> 


USAF Perspective on F-35 Combat Systems

 Download the PDF >> 

Italian Version

Cameri, Italy and the F-35

Italy and the F-35 Special Report is now available in Italian for our Italian readers.

Interviews with senior airpower leaders in Italy as well as analyses of the new Cameri facility supporting a regional F-35 fleet are featured in the report.

Download the Report here<<

Aftermath of the February 3 cable car accident. Credit Photo: La Stampa, 7/13/11

The Challenge of Dealing with PTSD

Captain Joe Schweitzer was a member of the crew that was responsible for the accidental deaths of 20 Europeans in a tragic cable car accident.

In this piece by Captain Schweitzer, he recounts his struggles to remake his life in the wake of the tragedy and provides a powerful narrative on PTSD.

Download Article Here<<


First published in 2010, this book examines a number of key aspects of the impact of fifth generation aircraft on the evolution of airpower.

It includes, a number of key interviews with airpower leaders like General Corley, Secretary Wynne, Lt. General (retired) Trautman, former Deputy Commandant of USMC Aviation, and Lt. General (Retired) Deptula and now Dean of the Mitchell Airpower Institute.

Read the Flipbook<<


Deptula Last Flight

The Robotic Revolution: Building Blocks From Afghanistan

Lt. General (Retired) Deptula lays out how RPAs can be part of the Afghan Airpower Transiiton

Download the PDF >> 

F-35 Radar.

In a recent article published by the Joint Aircraft Survivability Program, the role of the F-35 radar is examined from the experience to date in combat exercises such as Northern Edge.

The F-35 Radar has already demonstrated a significant improvement in performance against enemy jammers and operating against advanced threats.


Azerbaijan Regional Role

In this report written by Dr. Richard Weitz, the key role which Azerbaijan plays in straddling Russia and Iran is the focus of attention.

Azerbaijan’s Regional Role

B-17 Returns to France

The B-17 lessons learned for 21st century airpower is the focus of this article.

Download the PDF >>

3 D Warriors 2nd Edition

We have a new edition of Three Dimensional Warriors.

The book can be purchased on Kindle and other e-book publishers as well.






The first SIP report dealt with the dynamics of change in China and the potential impact of a nuclear Iran.



The second SIP report dealt with the Euro crisis and its impact on global dynamics and relations.


Maritime Security

In this book published by Second Line of Defense in 2011, the challenges of maritime security are addressed and analyzed.

The book is presented in flipbook format with the attached link.


Air Mobiity

In this book published by Second Line of Defense in 2013, the key role of air mobility as a mission enabler is addressed in terms of the impact of helos, lifters and tankers on security and defense operations.

The book is presented in flipbook format below.


FAF Libya

In this edition of AIR ACTUALITIES, the French Air Force provides a look at their role in the Libyan operation in early 2011.

 Download the PDF version of the Special Edition>>


In a 2012t piece published by Jane’s Navy International, Robbin Laird and Ed Timperlake look at the evolution of U.S. maritime strategy in the Pacific.   The article presages some of the arguments in our 2013 book with Richard Weitz entitled Rebuilding American Military Power in the Pacific: A 21st Century Strategy (Praeger). Posted with permission of Jane’s.

Download the PDF version of the Report>>

Weapons Enterprise

The synergy among 5th generation aircraft, weapons and robotics will create a new weapons enterprise.

Legacy weapons are simply that.

This report identifies key aspects of the 21st century weapons enterprise.

Download the PDF version of the Report>>



In the July 2012 issue of Joint Force’s Quarterly (the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff journal), SLD’s Robbin Laird and Ed Timperlake provided an overview of the impact of the F-35 on the future of power projection.

The F-35 is called a joint strike fighter (JSF), and its ability to work with, leverage, and enhance the capability of power projection forces is at the heart of the next 20 years of rebuilding U.S. and allied forces.

Download the PDF version of the full publication here>>

3 D Warrior

First introduced at the Farnborough Air Show in 2008, Three Dimensional Warriors provides an overview of how aviation for the United States Marine Corps (USMC) shapes their entire capabilities and directs how they operate.

The Second Edition can now be read on Kindle.

To read this Second Line of Defense book as a Flipbook click on the link below:


"If everyone is thinking alike, someone isn’t thinking."

—General George Patton Jr.

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